There are two main types of transplants – Autologous and Allogenic. Autologous Transplants: This means that the bone marrow or stem cells used for the transplant are one's own. A little bit of the patient's bone marrow or stem cells is taken and stored before high dose treatment. When the treatment is over, the bone marrow or stem cells are given back through a vein. Allogeneic Transplants: In this type of transplant, bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells donated by someone else is used. It is essential that the donor's tissue matches. The most suitable donor is usually a close relative, most commonly a brother or sister. It is possible to get a good match from an unrelated donor.
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