Newborns of mothers (HIV seropositive) who are delivered should be started on prophylactic antiretroviral therapy depending on the evidence based medicine and institutional practice.
These children should be subsequently referred to infectious disease specialists or HIV medicine personnel who will screen them and subsequently evaluate and follow up in the long term till they are seronegative.
Infants born of seropositive mothers may be breastfed or formula fed (alternative feeds) depending on the individual choice of the mother and her status of HIV medication taken. However mothers who decide to breastfeed should be on antiretroviral therapy during the period of breast feeding.
Mixed feeding should be avoided.Those who opt to breastfeed should wean off the babies completely by 6 months of age.
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