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Jaundice occurs more frequently in late preterm infants(34 0/7weeks through 36 6/7weeks) than term infants. Hyperbilirubinemia in the late preterm infant results from excess bilirubin load caused by reduced hepatic uptake or decreased conjugation of bilirubin secondary to decreased activity of hepatic uridine diphosphate glucoronyl transferase enzyme and increased enterohepatic circulation caused by immature gastrointestinal function and motility. This condition puts them at risk for high serum bilirubin levels and sometimes severe, prolonged jaundice and kernicterus. The risk of significantly elevated bilirubin values during the birth hospitalization  is twice in Late preterm infants  as compared to  term infants

Posted On: 24/06/2019

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