Following measures should be advocated to prevent heat related illnesses-
Wear loose fitting, Light coloured, preferably cotton clothing
Drink plenty of fluids. Staying hydrated helps a good sweating and maintains a normal body temperature.
Take it easy during the hottest parts of the day. Try to schedule exercise or physical labor for cooler parts of the day, such as early morning or evening. If you can't avoid strenuous activity in hot weather, drink fluids and rest frequently in a cool spot.
Get acclimated. Limit time spent working or exercising in heat until you're conditioned to it. People who are not used to hot weather are especially susceptible to heat-related illness. It can take several weeks for your body to adjust to hot weather.
Protect against sunburn. Use a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15.
Never leave anyone in a parked car -When parked in the sun, the temperature of car can rise 20 degrees F (more than 6.7 C) in 10 minutes. Keep doors of parked cars locked to prevent a child from getting inside.
Spot warning signs of heat exhaustion.
Once you notice signs of heat exhaustion, stop any activity and get yourself or the ailing person to a cooler area immediately and seek medical help.
Early warning signs include vomiting and nausea, excessive sweating, , moist and cool skin, a weak pulse, fatigue and weakness, blurred vision, strong thirst, and rapid breathing and a low blood pressure
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