Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is the most common and benign form of high altitude illness (HAI).
The risk of AMS depends upon individual susceptibility, the rate of ascent and the elevation reached. AMS is uncommon below 2000 m (6560 feet), but is quite common (approximately 25% in adults and children) at sleeping elevations between 2000 and 3000 m (6560 to 9840 feet).
Symptoms include headaches, vomiting, tiredness, trouble sleeping and dizziness.
AMS generally resolves with 12–48 hours of acclimatization.
In most instances, pediatric HAI/AMS can be prevented with appropriate precautions or treated before developing complications like High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or High altitude cerebral edema (HACE).
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