A stem cell transplant is more commonly known as a bone marrow transplant (BMT). The reason we use different terms is that in the past the stem cells were obtained just from the bone marrow. We can now obtain the stem cells from three different sources e.g bone marrow, peripheral blood, cord blood.
BASIC STEPS IN A BMT-
The bone marrow is stimulated into producing extra stem cells by a growth factor – usually G-CSF. The G-CSF is usually given as an injection just under the skin, once a day for four to six days before the harvest. The stem cells move from the bone marrow into the circulating blood where they are collected. The donor has a special cannula inserted and is attached to a stem cell collecting machine. This is called a Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Harvest (PBSC Harvest).
Umbilical cord blood is also a rich source of stem cells
All stem cells can last for up to approximately 72 hours if they are to be given fresh, else they can be frozen and used at a later date.
Read more related information, Click Here
If you have a question on some other topic, Click Here